Guidelines for correcting or retracting articles

In accordance with generally accepted standards of scholarly publishing ALMIJ does not alter articles after publication:

“Articles that have been published should remain extant, exact and unaltered to the maximum extent possible” (STM, 2006. Preservation of the objective record of science).

In cases of serious errors or (suspected) misconduct ALMIJ will publish corrections and retractions (expressions of concern).


In cases of serious errors that affect the article in a material way (but do not fully invalidate its results) or significantly impair the reader’s understanding or evaluation of the article ALMIJ will publish a correction note that is linked to the published article. The published article will be left unchanged.

Retractions (Expressions of Concern)
In accordance with the “Retraction Guidelines” by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) ALM will retract a published article if

  • there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation),
  • the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication),
  • it constitutes plagiarism,
  • it reports unethical research.

An article is retracted by publishing a retraction notice that is linked to or replaces the retracted article. ALM will make any effort to clearly identify a retracted article as such.

If an investigation is underway that might result in the retraction of an article ALM may choose to alert readers by publishing an expression of concern.